Who doesn't like chocolate? So tasty and popular, chocolate can be found in all types of food, both as snacks, desserts, until drinks. However, it turns out there are also some people who can't eat chocolate because of allergies. In this article, Infofits will explain the causes, symptoms, and treatment for those of you who experience chocolate allergies!
How come it can?
Chocolate is a mixture of various ingredients. However, the main ingredient of chocolate is cocoa powder or cocoa powder, which is processed cocoa beans. Chocolate powder is then mixed with sugar, fat, and emulsions such as soy lecithin. There are also many types of chocolate made from dairy products. If you are allergic to chocolate, it is generally difficult to know what actually causes allergies, because there are many ingredients in it.
Symptoms of Chocolate Allergy
If you are allergic to cocoa, your immune system will respond when you eat chocolate. The response is in the form of allergy symptoms such as:
- Difficulty breathing.
- Tongue, mouth, or throat are swollen.
- Cough with wheezing.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Stomach cramps.
These symptoms can be a sign of anaphylaxis, which is a severe allergic reaction that can lead to death!
Milk Allergy Symptoms
People who have chocolate allergies can actually be allergic to dairy products. Because in some cases, chocolate allergy sufferers also have allergies to milk. Milk allergy sufferers usually experience certain symptoms after consuming dairy products, such as itching, coughing with wheezing, or nausea.
However, other symptoms can also appear after hours or days consuming dairy products. The symptoms are:
- Mucus secretions in the nose or in the lungs.
- Itching and rash on the skin.
- Abdominal abdominal pain.
- Dilute stools or diarrhea.
In some cases, extreme milk allergies can cause anaphylaxis, which causes swelling of the mouth and throat, leading to cardiorespiratory arrest. If this happens, medical assistance is immediately needed.
Caffeine Allergy Symptoms
If you are allergic to chocolate, then there is a possibility that you are also allergic or sensitive to caffeine. Because, in 100 grams of chocolate bars there are about 43 milligrams of caffeine, which is equal to the amount of caffeine in half a cup of coffee.
Symptoms if a person is very sensitive to caffeine include:
- Digestive disorders such as diarrhea, nausea, and abdominal pain.
- Heart rate is fast.
- Difficulty sleeping.
Some people are not only sensitive, but also allergic to caffeine, although very rare. Caffeine allergy sufferers usually experience negative reactions to the skin, such as itching and rashes, after drinking coffee.
How to Prevent Chocolate Allergic Reactions?
All people who are allergic to certain foods must be able to know and maintain their food intake. If you have food allergies, you have to read carefully the food ingredients you buy at the market or supermarket. When eating in a restaurant, you can ask restaurant staff not to include ingredients that you cannot consume into the food you ordered.
If you have cocoa or cocoa allergies, you should not eat chocolate and other foods that contain chocolate. You have to be careful because chocolate is generally also contained in various foods and drinks, such as bread, soft drinks, coffee and alcohol. In fact, chocolate is also used as a flavor in a number of medical drugs. Therefore, you must first check the food ingredients that you will consume.
If you are allergic to chocolate but still want to eat these foods, you don't need to worry. You can consume food that is often used as a substitute for chocolate, namely carob. After processing, carob will become carob powder or carob powder that resembles cocoa powder. Carob also does not contain caffeine. So if you are sensitive or allergic to caffeine, you can still take it!